Elio tells the story of Pompeii to kids and children
Every two weeks a comic strip and in-depth analysis will take you to discover Pompeii: an exciting and illustrated journey through time to increase the knowledge of our wonderful city.
Are you ready to meet E L I O and his special friends?
This week the adventure begins meeting Gaia Vettius Tertia in the ancient Pompeii …
Tria nomina: Praenomen, Nomen, Cognomen.
It may seem strange, but the Romans had three names!
The proper name, which the Romans called Praenomen, was the name by which the people were called every day, corresponding to our name.
It was in fact given to children at birth!
Then there was the Nomen, a kind of family name and it pointed out which family group you belonged to!
Finally the Cognomen. a kind of nickname that was given on the basis of a personal characteristic or an event of the person itself.
Later the Cognomen was transmitted from father to son.
How they said hello at the time of ancient Rome? Salve and Ave.
When Romans met, they used a couple of greetings.
You could say Salve or Ave.
Salve was a very familiar kind of greeting! It is still used today in Italy!
But what does it mean?
This word comes from a Latin verb, salvere, which means to be healthy.
When somebody said (and still says) salve, it is simply to wish health to the person we meet; in fact, it means health to you.
Ave was a greeting with an almost identical meaning, in fact it means alive.
Using ave, the Romans wished you to live long!
In which kind of buildings the ancient Romans lived?
The ancient Romans lived in buildings with different shapes and sizes.
Rich families lived in the domus, private homes located in large cities.
In addition, rich families sometimes also had homes outside the city, that is Villae: there was also a kind of villa called villa rustica, always out of town and precisely in the country with areas for agricultural work.
The poorest lived instead in the insulae, a kind of condominium that hosted more families.
Then there were the tabernae or shops of the ancient Romans.
Actually, they were not real houses: the taberna was an open environment of a larger space, it had a wide door and it was dedicated to commercial activities.
The calendar of the Romans: the Calende, the None and the Idi.
The Romans had their own calendar.
After several changes over the centuries the Roman calendar became more or less like ours, that is a calendar with twelve months.
Some days of the month, however, had particular names.
The first exception was represented by the Calende, from which derives word calendar itself: it was the first day of each month.
The other two exceptions were the None and the Idi: in March, May, July and October, the None fell on the seventh day of the month and the Idi on the fifteenth day, while in the other months they fell on the fifth and thirteenth day.