The Archaeological Museum of Naples is famous in city simply as `o Museo. Therefore a museum for antonomasia, without need of other specifications. Who wants to complete the acquaintance of Pompeii, must come here, because the main collection of the Museum, which turns it out in one of most beautiful and interesting museum in the world, is exactly the one which keeps the findings arrived from the diggings of Pompei and Ercolano.
In the Archaeological Museum of Naples, placed on a hill that dominates the decumen on one side, and that is the historical centre of Naples, from the other side the Public square Dante and therefore the part of via Toledo, are collected also other precious findings, but the mosaics, the frescos, the bronze statues and all the findings coming from the areas of the eruption. However we know that little manufacts are the most precious treasures of Pompeii.
Trying between the thousand proposals of a Museum that demands a long and deepened visit, we try to look for some pieces of art coming from the ruins. Between the statues we note: the Dorifeo – found in the sunnitic arena – and the Efebo – found in this house that now, in its honor, has his name. The first statue is important, beyond because it’s beautiful, because it is the best copy that we have of an absolute masterpiece of the Greek sculpture, the Dorifeo of Policleto, the greatest Greek sculptor that with this statue had established the perfect image.
Pictures and Mosaics
As you know, all the museums show wonderful statues, while if you want to see roman paintings you have to come here. As for example from the temple of Isis of Pompeii nearly integrally frescoes are here conserved, with great part of the votive and artistic furnitures. These paintings show stages of worship and myths related to the Egyptian goddess, who was well known in the Roman imperial age and that found in Pompeii an addictive cult.
But there are so many paintings of all kinds! The portrait of Medea is very nice, or the girls who play the Astragalus (dice game), and then Achille and Jason, scenes from the Iliad, gods and scenes of everyday life, portraits and still lifes, the latter together with scenes of garden, beautiful in addition to their historically importance. Our knowledge of classical painting would be maimed if we didn’t have these findings.
The mosaics are an ulterior complement to the acquaintance of Pompeii, with the wonderful scene of the battle of Alexander against Dario, that has been found in the so-called House of the Dancing Faun. And then there are the bronzetti, little statues that are rare to find elsewhere, because all that that was of bronze was fused during the Middle Age and the only copies that survived are or those found under the sea or, like in our case, those buried.
At last, don’t to lose, the model in cork of the city of Pompeii, that shows us extension of the structure of the city in scale 1:100.